Gum Surgery Guide
What is gum disease?
Gum disease, in a mild form is referred to as "Gingivitis" and its symptoms include gums that are red, swollen and bleed easily. Pain is not usually associated with gingivitis, except if you brush or floss the inflamed tissue. Gingivitis is treatable with better oral hygiene at home as well as professional care. The second more serious form of gum disease is periodontitis.
Periodontitis occurs when plaque turns to tartar and spreads below the gum line. The toxins from the bacteria that exists within the plaque which causes further irritation to the gums. Your body's natural self-defense mechanisms kick in stimulating an inflammatory response and it breaks down the supporting tissue and bone which support the teeth, leading to their destruction. The gums separate from the teeth, leaving them open to deeper infection forming gum pockets. These gum pockets become deeper as more tissue and bone is destroyed. Even tho symptoms generally are mild, or there are none, tooth loss is much more likely to occur.
What causes gum disease?
Essentially, bacteria. We always have bacteria of some form in our bodies, literally thousands in our mouths and when bad bacteria accumulates this is when plaque begins to form. Plaque is generally hard to see visibly, and regularly brushing and flossing knock off these bacteria. Stubborn plaque that hardens becomes what is known as "tartar"; and must be removed by a professional. As the plaque builds up, it contains harmful bacteria that can cause gum disease.
How do I know if I have gum disease?
You have to be evaluated by a professional to know for sure, but here are some symptoms you may be experiencing.
It's important to remember that gum disease doesn't fit a specific age or demographic, it can affect anyone. However, here are some signs that you may be at higher risk:
Women and Gum Disease
There are a number of factors when it comes to gum disease that affect men and women differently. Here are several things that can affect women:
Men and Gum Disease
Research has showed us that gum disease is higher in men than in women, sometimes by up to 20 percent! Including regularity of dentist visits as well as these other reasons cause it.
What is gum surgery?
It is referred to as Periodontal Surgery, and a series treatment or procedures to treat the soft tissues around the teeth and the supporting bone.
Why You May Need Gum Surgery
Even though you take care of your oral health with maintenance at home and regular dental visits, sometimes surgery is still necessary. Once your gums become infected or inflamed, they must be professionally treated; otherwise the conditions will generally worsen. If your gum and bone health is suffering, professional and home care coaching, help to get you back to the best health for your mouth.
Types of Gum Surgery
Benefits of Gum Surgery
What are the risks?
What can I expect after surgery?
You may experience a bit of pain or sensitivity, which the medication we give you will take care of. This is normal after this type of procedure. Stitches used at the end of surgery sometimes dissolve on their own, and sometimes require removal after about 14 days time. After going home, keeping your mouth as clean as possible without disturbing the treated area is key. It is very important to prevent infection as much as possible. Bleeding and swelling can occasionally occur. Again, it's important to take great care of your teeth and gums post-surgery, as gently as you can. Taking care of your teeth and gums promotes a long term relationship to your health and happiness.
With over 100 years of combined experience, we have found periodontal and dental implant procedures are a safe and predictable way to help people keep their teeth.